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Luke Whiteside – Grafting Fruit Trees
Luke has had an interesting career as a school chaplain and pastor, and latterly as president of the Yarra Valley Bee Group and cultivator of heritage fruit trees. Main points of his talk:
Horticulturalists may increase plants either by sexual reproduction (pollination and seed formation) or asexual reproduction (grafting, cutting, layering, division, bedding and tissue culture). The advantages of sexual reproduction are that it is quick, economical and easy, but produces offspring that are genetically diverse, i.e. not necessarily true to the parent. Asexual methods produce clones of the parent plant but are generally more labour-intensive.
Grafting is the joining together of the cambium (growing) layers of the scion (top of the plant) and the rootstock. This gives the possibility of combining the best attributes of two different, but genetically related, plants to produce a superior new plant. It is particularly suitable for fruit trees and has been the means of retaining certain heritage varieties which might otherwise be lost because they are of no commercial value. It has also been useful for the home gardener in enabling the one tree to produce a variety of fruits that ripen at different times, thus extending the harvest season and reducing the need for cold storage and/or transport.
There are a number of different grafting methods using different complementary shapes for joining together the the scion and the rootstock when the two are of comparable size: wedge, splice, whip-and-tongue, and approach grafting; less common and used when the scion is significantly smaller than the rootstock are cleft, side, notch and bark inlay grafting. Budding is a similar technique except that a bud is used instead of the scion.
Tools needed: grafting knife, grafting tape, wax, Clonex rooting hormone (used in very dilute solution to stimulate cell growth).
- Plants must be related to each other (same genus or same family);
- Tools must be disinfected to avoid transferring any diseases such as apple mosaic virus;
- Plant samples are usually best collected during dormancy;
- Drying out of plant parts can be prevented by using ziplock bags for collecting them;
- Graftable plants include maples and fruit trees such as apples, quinces, plums etc.
- There will be a grafting workshop at ECOSS next July, run by Neil Barraclough.
- Reference: Dave Wilson in Nursery Educational Video series.
Ancient Greek proverb –
A society grows great when old men plant trees, whose shade they will never sit in.
Guest Speaker – Mike Donsen
Mike Donsen from Grow Better Garden Products gave a talk on his company and its products.
The company was established as a family business in 1991, originally making a pelletized organic fertilizer from its pig farm waste at Ballarat. Subsequently the range was expanded to include other organic fertilizers, composts, soil improvers, mulches, specialized potting media and water-saving products, many of which are certified as conforming to the relevant Australian standards. Grow Better is now a market leader, selling through independent garden centres rather than chain stores or supermarkets. Local suppliers include the Plants Plus and Growmaster retail nurseries at Wandin and Healesville.
Mike provided each member with samples of Grow Better Organic Fertilizer, with the excess samples being bundled into threes and included in the raffle.
Winner was Anne Herrod, who unfortunately was not present, so the prize at the August meeting jackpots to $150.
This gallery contains 49 photos.
Guest Speaker – Russell Brown
Club Member Russell Brown gave a detailed insight into Deer population in South Eastern Australia. Mainly Samba and Fallow Deer living in fringe country, they can live up to 12-14 years. The Samba like heavy cover such as the wooded areas around Woods Point while the Fallow can be found on open ranges, such as at Valda’s front gate! A big thank you Russell.
Spring Bus Trip
A bus trip to Peppermint Ridge Farm in Tynong and then to Cranbourne Botanic Gardens for lunch and the afternoon is scheduled for Wednesday September 20th. Deposits are now being accepted.
Anne Brennan’s name was drawn but unfortunately Anne was not at the meeting, the Jackpot at the July Meeting will be $100.
At Yarra Valley ECOSS
We are extremely grateful for the garden club’s ongoing support of ECOSS, and would be delighted at your attendance!
Please see attached your Official Invitation, and below Program of Events. We hope that you will bring along your friends and family to enjoy the Opening Ceremony and join in our Autumn Harvest Family Bush Dance!
711 Old Warburton Road Wesburn
The April Meeting was our Autumn Flower Show. Here are a few photos of the displays.
Our scheduled speaker for this months meeting, Tracy Sidwell from Bale Grow was unable to attend.
After much ado the club was delighted to listen to our club member Valda Street who gave a wonderful talk on the historic Lovers Walk in Warburton. This walk is at the entry to Warburton at the back of the old Tea Rooms just after the first bridge into Warburton on your left.
Valda discovered this walk nearly 30 years ago while taking 4 local children for walks along the river. They then began to unearth hidden stone walls and seats and started to clear the area. Today this area comes under the management of the River Frontage Committee of which Valda is a member. A few years ago Landscape Architect Andrew Laidlow was commissioned to draw up plans for restoration of the walk but due to the huge expense involved these plans were shelved. With Valda’s perseverance she has convinced the committee to start the restoration and just last week work was begun on the stone walls and seats.
Thank you to Valda for a wonderful talk on part of the history of Warburton.
President Kevin Hince gave a short talk and slide show on Straw Bale Gardening. The type of straw used is important! To begin, position your bale in line with the ties still in place to keep it firm, wet and fertilise thoroughly for a couple of months inserting stakes with wire if a trellis is required. Put a good quality planting mix into holes and sow seeds of your choice! This will break down after a while and will be a good mulch for your garden.
Here’s a link on How to Build a Straw Bale Garden by Modern Farmer.
The speaker for the February 2016 meeting was Garden Club Member Shirley Lahtinen. She and husband Kari toured Japan in the autumn last year and she gave a very entertaining account of their trip, with some wonderful photography by Kari of the gardens they visited. She discussed four different Japanese garden styles: paradise gardens (temple based); dry landscapes (typified by raked gravel and rocks); stroll gardens with winding paths to slow the visitor down; and modern gardens. The elements considered in the development of all four garden styles were plants (especially native larches and cedars, camellias, maples, cherry trees, cycads, grasses and mosses), rocks, water (whether present or absent) and context (borrowed landscapes, temples, castles, houses). The artistry and attention to detail in some of the gardens was amazing, even down to the pruning of individual needles on conifers! In addition she showed some beautiful photographs of native landscapes with the trees in full autumn splendor, and discussed the Japanese specialties of bonsai and chrysanthemum culture.